SNMC Heritage: Hanbali Madhab/ Fiqh School

SNMC Heritage: Hanbali Madhab/ Fiqh School

The Hanbali school is one of the four fiqh,  named after the Iraqi scholar Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 855). The Hanbali madhhab is the smallest of four major Sunni schools, the others being the HanafiMaliki and Shafi`i

Hanbali school derives Sharia predominantly from the Quran, the Hadiths , and the views of Sahabah. In cases where there is no clear answer in sacred texts of Islam, the Hanbali school does not accept jurist discretion or customs of a community as a sound basis to derive Islamic law, a method that Hanafi and  Maliki fiqhs. Hanbali school is the strict traditionalist school of fiqh It is found primarily in Saudi ArabiaQatarUAEBahrainOman and Yemen and among Iraqi and Jordanian Bedouins

The Hanbali school experienced a reformation in the WahhabiSalafist movement.  Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab and Al Saud greatly aided its propagation around the world by way of their interpretation of the school’s teachings. Historically, the Hanbali school was treated as simply another valid interpretation of Islamic law, and many prominent medieval Sufis, such as Abdul Qadir Gilani, were Hanbali jurists and mystics at the same time.