The faith of Muslims is not static – our faith is our Islam in action.

It can only be measured or experienced through the degree of our commitment to Islamic principles and ethics – in action through our behavior.

This whole-life concept of faith embodies a belief in God, observance of His laws, and our ultimate accountability to Him for what we do in this life – all of our actions, big and small.

Faith requires that we mold our lives in accordance with God’s commandments, as recorded in the Qur’an and exemplified by the life and teachings of His last Messenger, Muhammad (S).

Faith must, therefore, encompass our private as well as public lives, guiding us in all spheres of activity — from the home and mosque to our social, professional and public presence in society.

Prophet Muhammad (S) once said: “Faith has over seventy branches, the most excellent of which is the declaration that there is no deity but God, and the humblest of which is the removal of what is injurious from the road. And modesty is also a branch of faith” (Bukhari, Muslim).

What is the relationship between Faith and Action? When we think of Islamic formative principles in the way that Muhammad (S) expressed them in the foregoing Hadith, it is not at all difficult to perceive the all-pervading relationship between our belief in Almighty God and every action that we take in this world, including our care of the planet itself as we follow our environmental responsibilities.

To be authentic, then, faith must have a complete and positive effect on us – it isn’t something to be switched on and off for convenience. Thus it goes without saying that Muslims (or Christians, Jews or any true believers in the One God) must strive to reject and suppress attitudes, mannerisms, speech, behavior, and actions that are inconsistent with their belief system.

If a person does not act in accordance with his/her faith, this can indicate a lack of comprehension about what it truly means to conduct oneself appropriately (only God knows best what is in the heart, however).

Through reading the Qur’an and studying the sayings (Ahadith) of Muhammad, Messenger of God (S), we can more fully appreciate and understand the true relationship between character and faith (Iman); this awareness leads in turn to a greater understanding of Islam’s essential relationship between character and behavior.

The Messenger of God said: “I have been sent for the purpose of perfecting good morals” (Al Hakim). In this Hadith, Muhammad (S) clearly states that a major task given to him by God was to show by example and instruction what comprises good morals and manners; that is, to show behavior consistent with the Islamic belief system.

In another Hadith, Prophet Muhammad (S) explained righteousness as being synonymous with good character: “Piety and righteousness are being of good character.” {Muslim}

And in yet another example, the Messenger of God stressed the importance of good character on the Day of Judgment: “There is nothing heavier in the scales [of merit] than good character” (Ahmad, Abu Dawud).

In fact, when Almighty God described those who are successful as believers, He said: “Successful indeed are the believers; those who offer their prayers with full submission, and those who turn away from vain talk, and those who guard their chastity… those who are faithfully true to their trust and to their covenants; and those who strictly guard their prayers. These are indeed the heirs who shall inherit the Firdaws (Paradise) and they shall dwell therein forever” (Al Mu’minum 23: 1-11).